How To Care For Household Plants. Taking care of plants can be easy when knowing the proper steps.
Watering Plants: One of the most common causes of plant death is over-watering.
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Purchase plants that are easy to care for: 20 Super-Easy Houseplants You’ll Love
Select a pot that has good drainage. The amount of drainage in the pot you’re keeping your plant in is very important because over or under watering your plant can damage or kill it. Make sure that there are drainage holes at the bottom of your pot.
- Materials like plastic, metal, and glass will absorb much less water than ceramic or clay, so keep this in mind as well.
- Make sure that there are holes in the bottom of the pot so that the water can drain. If you are using a cachepot (which has no holes), water can build up and kill your plant.
Select an area in your house that gets adequate sunlight. Plants require sunlight in order to undergo photosynthesis. The quality, duration, and intensity of light all affect a plant’s growth.
- Avoid putting the plant in direct sunlight. Instead, give them plenty of indirect light by putting them in a well-lit room. Fluorescent lights can work as an alternative to sunlight for some plants.
- Give flowering plants 12-16 hours of light per day.
- Give foliage plants 14-16 hours of light per day.
Sunlight: All plants need food, water and sunlight to survive, but different plants require different amounts of each. This is just as true with houseplants as it is for the plants in your garden. Read the label when you purchase your plant.
Trim dead leaves. Trim away all dead leaves with a small pair of scissors or pruning sheers.
Fertilize your plants: Plants should be fertilized only when they are actively growing. Most houseplants will not need to be fertilized more than once every 1 – 3 months, between March and September. During the short days of winter, plants experience a rest period and usually need very little or no additional fertilizer.
Wash the leaves of your plant. It is also a good idea to wash the leaves of your plants several times a year. Dust and grime on houseplants doesn’t just look bad; it is also bad for the health of the plant. For plants with many small leaves, use a hand sprayer or sink sprayer to douse them with water.
Re-pot when necessary: If the roots are wrapping around the interior of the pot or poking out of the root ball, it’s time to replant.